Truth and Science Ministries

In Search of the Truth

The Fossil Record and the Flood


2 Peter 3:3-7; Psalm 104:6-9


A.   2 Peter 3:3-7 


According to 2 Peter 3:3-7, what three things would men scoff at in the last days?

(The creation, the flood, and the coming judgment of God)


          Verse 5 says: “the earth standing out of the water and in the water.” 

          This would be referring to the original creation and the water canopy.


B.   Psalm 104:6-8


According to Psalm 104:6-8, what caused the mountain ranges and the oceans?

(God spoke.)


According to Psalm 104:9, why did God raise up mountains and create oceans?

(He promised man He would never again flood the whole earth.)



I.        The Evolutionist Will Claim: The Fossil Record Proves Evolution.


            Transition question:

            “Do you believe the fossil record proves evolution?”

            (It actually proves there was a Great Flood.)


            “Although the fossil record provides evidence that evolution occurred,

             the record is incomplete.  Working with an incomplete fossil record is        

            something like trying to put together a jigsaw puzzle with pieces

            missing.  But after the puzzle is together, even with missing pieces, you

            will probablystill understand the overall picture.  Fossils are

            found throughout the world.  As the fossil record becomes more

            complete, the sequences of evolution become clearer.” 

            Glencoe Biology, 2006, pg 400


            “Most sedimentary rocks form in primarily horizontal layers with the            

             younger layers closer to the surface.  Glencoe Biology, 2006, pg 372


            “Scientists use a variety of methods to determine the age of fossils.  One  

            method is a technique called relative dating.  To understand relative   

            dating, imagine yourself stacking newspapers at home.  As each day’s          

            newspaper is added to the stack, the stack becomes taller.  If the stack is  

            left undisturbed, the newspapers at the bottom are older than ones

            at the top.”

            Glencoe Biology, 2006, pg 372


            Question # 1 

            “Is the actual fossil evidence anything like the chart?”



            A chart, called the geologic column, is found in almost all science 

            textbooks in some form.  The chart shows the different layers of rock  

           superimposed on top of each other, each representing a period of time,          

           and each containing the fossils of life forms that supposedly lived during

           that time period.  It is also referred to as the geologic timescale.


            The evolutionists say the chart:


a.    Represent the earth’s presumed 4.6 billion year sequence of geologic ages.

b.    Records the evolutionary history of life on earth.

c.    Show simple organisms evolving into complex organisms.

d.    Show a gradual transition from one species to the next, finally into man.


            The creationists say:

a.    The earth is only about 6,000 years old.

b.    The rock layers and the fossils were formed by the Great Flood about

     4,400 years ago.


A.  There are many problems with the geologic column

     (The chart used in the textbooks).


a.    Circular reasoning is used.  The rock will be dated by the fossil, and the

     fossil will be dated by the rock layer it is found in.

b.    Those twelve layers cannot be found together in that order anywhere

     in the world.

c.    Sometimes there are reversed layers (Older layers on top of younger).

d. Sometimes there are missing layers.


Franklin Overthrust in Texas


e.    Sometimes fossils and artifacts will be found in the wrong layers.


The London artifact


f.    Sometimes fossils extend through many layers.  (Polystrate fossils)



II.        Evolution Requires Multitudes Of Transitional Fossils


            “Darwin realized that if his theory were true a large number of transitional            

          fossils would be found in the fossil record.  The lack of these transitional        

          fossils was one of the points on which Darwin said his theory would be


          Roger Patterson – Evolution Exposed – Pg 114


          Evolutionist Stephen J. Gould said: “The extreme rarity of transitional       

          forms in the fossil record persists as the trade secret of paleontology,

          the evolutionary trees that adorn our textbooks have data only at the tips

          and nodes of their branches; the rest is inference, however reasonable, not

          the evidence of fossils.”  

          Stephen J. Gould, Natural History, Vol. 86, pgs 22, 30


            Question # 2

           “What about the absence of transitional fossils?”


            “Paleontologists ever since Darwin have been searching (largely in vain)

            for the sequences of insensibly graded series of fossils that would stand    

            as examples of the sort  of wholesale transformation of species that      

            Darwin envisioned as the natural product of the evolutionary process.             

            Few saw any reason to demur- though it is a startling fact that,... most        

            species remain recognizably themselves, virtually unchanged throughout    

            their occurrence in geological sediments of various ages.”

            Eldredge, Niles, “Progress in Evolution?” New Scientist, vol. 110

            (June 5, 1986), p. 55


            Question # 3

            “Are there any fossils clearly in transition?”


            That is a real problem for the theory of evolution, the lack of any real          

            transitional fossils.  If evolution were true, there should be millions of           

            fossils that are in transition from one kind of creature to another. 

            There should be fish that have partially formed legs, and reptiles

            with partially formed wings, and  chimps that are partially human. 

            Not only that, but we should see life forms still in transition today. 

            But that type of change has never been observed in the fossil

            record, nor is it observable today. 


            When scientists come up with a hypothesis, they make predictions

            of what should be observable if their hypothesis is true.  Darwin did

            that with his theory of evolution.  He predicted transitional fossils

            would be found in the future when more fossils were available.  None

            so far have been found.  He said that would disprove his theory. 

            So far it hasn’t in the minds of most evolutionists.



III.        Three Scoffers Whose Books Changed The Scientific Worldview


1.   James Hutton   1726-1797


                       Scottish geologist, chemist, and naturalist. He was initially

           attracted to chemistry; he entered the legal profession at the

           Univ. of Edinburgh; turned to medicine, as it closely resembled

           chemistry; and then became a farmer to allow him to study rocks

           and be able to pursue his interests in geology.


          Hutton was the first to propose the theory of uniformity of causes, to          

          oppose the theory of catastrophism (a great flood).  He concluded that the

          earth's history can be explained by observing the geological forces            

          presently at work, because these forces are identical to the ones that     

          operated in the past.


           In his book Theory of the Earth, Hutton proposed the earth was much       

           older than most people thought.

           HBJ Earth Science, p.19


           (Hutton’s book Theory of the Earth, published in 1795, took away the

            6000 year old earth and gave us “millions of years”.)



2.   Charles Lyell - Scottish lawyer


              Sir Charles Lyell’s three volume book, “Principles of Geology”

            published in 1830, has been called the most important book ever. 

            It was important because his ideas on how the earth had been

            formed were completely opposite to the prevailing beliefs. 

            Previously, it was believed that the sedimentary rock strata seen

            were a result of cataclysms like Noah’s flood. However, Sir

            Charles Lyell believed that cataclysms were not responsible

            for forming the appearance of the earth’s crust, but very slow            

            processes like we see happening today.


            Lyell said his goal was to “free the science from Moses”

            Life Letters and Journals’, published by John Murray 1881.


            He coined the cliché that “the present is the key to the past,” which has    

            been the motto of uniformitarianism science. 

            (The Bible is the key to the past, present, and future!)


            (Lyell’s book Principals of Geology, published in 1830, took away the

             flood and gave us “the Geologic Column”.)



3.   Charles Darwin


            Charles Darwin graduated from Bible college.  The British government     

         was sponsoring a 5 year voyage on the H.M.S. Beagle.  They wanted to    

         go around African and South America, etc. in order to make better

         maps.  Darwin left on this voyage and took with him two books: his

         Bible, and the first volume of Lyell’s book, Principles of Geology.


          “Disbelief crept over me on a very slow rate, but at last complete.  The rate

           was so slow that I felt no distress.”

           Letter to Russell Wallace in 1868 published in World’s Greatest Letters


            (Darwin’s book The Origin of Species, published in 1859, took away the   

            Creator and gave us “all life comes from a common ancestor.”)


            Three books that took away:

1.    The young earth

2.    The great flood

3.    The creator God (no creator, no sin, no judgment)


            In a Great Flood, what would get buried first?

1.    The things that lived on the bottom of the ocean!

2.    The things that lived in the water!

3.    The things that lived near the water!

4.    Birds and people could survive longer!



IV.        Questions About  Fossils:


1.    Why are fossils so numerous?

2.    Did Fossils have kids?

3.    Were their kids different?

4.    Do fossils prove relationship?


            Can you tell any of this just by looking at a fossil?


            If I get buried on top of a hamster, does that prove he is my grandpa?


            All it proves is, I got buried on top of him.  That is all the fossil record          

            proves.  A bunch of stuff got buried on top of a bunch of other stuff.



V.        Why Did God Use A Flood And Not Just Have All The Bad People Die?



            Things to consider concerning the flood:


a.    The flood left evidence where a miracle would not.

b.    The effects are here for all to see and be reminded of God’s judgment on       


c.    The warning time gave them a chance to repent.



            Reviewing the Questions


1.    “Is the actual fossil evidence anything like the chart?”

2.    “What about the absence of transitional fossils?”

3.    “Are there any fossils clearly in transition?”