Truth and Science Ministries

In Search of the Truth


What About Intelligent Design?

Three basic truths about purpose in creation:

  1. No one may create anything greater than themselves.
  2. No one creates anything without a purpose.
  3. Only the one who creates an object may define what its purpose is.

Biblical Foundation:

Proverbs 3:19; Isaiah 45:18, 46:10-11; Ephesians 1:10-11; Romans 11:34-36

 

Two Worldviews:

  1. Naturalistic: By accident for no purpose.
  2. Creation: By special design of an intelligent Creator.

 

I.  Evolution is an unguided process.

Evolutionists insist that "evolution" is an unguided and mindless process, and that our existence is therefore a fluke rather than a planned outcome.

George Gaylord Simpson, U.S. paleontologist - Died in 1984: "Man is the result of a purposeless and natural process that did not have him in mind."

Purpose and design can not be a part of evolutionary thinking.

 

II.  The Complexity of Life

             “I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made.”

            Psalm 139:14

 

           “I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched

            out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.”

            Isaiah 45:12

 

 

From conception until birth the baby adds 15,000 cells per minute to its body.  Each cell is more complex than a space shuttle!

 

 

A.  The Human Eye

“To suppose that the eye…could have been formed by natural selection,   seems, I freely confess, absurd in the highest degree.” Charles Darwin - The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or The Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life - 1859 p. 217

 

Our eyes blink about 400 million times in our lifetime.  Our eye can see millions of shades of colors.  It would take a supercomputer over 100 years to simulate what takes place in our eyes in one minute.  Tears wash our eyes every time we blink.  Eyelids protect our eyes from too much light, help keep sand/dirt from blowing into our eyes, hold our eyelashes, and help keep our eyes moist.

 

The retina of your eye is less than 1 square inch yet contains over 137,000,000 light sensitive cells, sending information to your brain, to allow you to see.  Creation Magazine March-May 1996 p. 39

 

B.  The Human Ear

Our ear has a million tiny moving parts.  It contains parts for hearing and helping us keep our balance.  The ear contains over 100,000 hair cells for balance and direction.   It uses a level of technology no science has been able to attain.

 

C.  The Human Heart

 

a.    Weighs about 10 ounces 

b.    Pumps over 2,000 gallons of blood a day

c.    Beats over 100,000 times a day

d.    Beats more than 3.5 billion times in a lifetime

 

D.  Human Blood Vessels

The human body has 60,000 miles of blood vessels.  That would stretch around the world twice.

 

E.  Human Skin

The largest organ in the human body

It weighs about 8-9 pounds

It keeps all the water inside our bodies

It allows for some water to escape through sweating for temperature control

It is waterproof from the outside

Over a lifetime we shed about 40 pounds of dead skin

It takes about 2,000 frowns to make a permanent line. So keep smiling.

 

F.  Human Nose

Science Daily: 1-19-2005

“Scientists Find That The Human Nose Is More Complicated Than A Jumbo Jet!”

 

How many parts does a cell need?  The common mouse trap has as few parts as it can have and still work.  Just as a mouse trap will not work without all of its essential parts, a cell cannot live unless it contains a minimum number of essential parts.

 

The minimum number of proteins usually considered necessary for cells capable of living independently (not as parasites) are in the thousands.

 

The evidence indicates that living things have always been:

            Composed of materials too complex to form in nature.

            Designed to work together.

            Guided by huge amounts of information.

 

“All of us who study the origin of life find that the more we look into it, the more we feel it is too complex to have evolved anywhere.  We all believe as an article of faith that life evolved from dead matter on this planet.  It is just that its complexity is so great, it is hard for us to imagine that it did.”

Harold Urey (Urey is a Nobel prize laureate.  He took part in the Stanley Miller experiment.), Christian Science Monitor, Jan. 4, 1962.

 

III.  Design Demands A Designer

Ever been to Mount Rushmore?  It was designed.  What about the designer?  Was he just here by accident?

Molecular Biologist Michael Behe said: “Intelligent design may have religious implications, but it does not demand religious premises.”

Intelligent design is consistent with the observable evidence.

 

A.   The amount of oxygen in the atmosphere: (18-21%)

            26% = fire burns out of control

          21% = control fire and breathe

          16% = can’t light a match

 

 

B.   The importance of water:

 

1.   Necessary for all life forms

2.   70% of the earth’s surface

3.   60% of the human body

4.   Water will dissolve almost anything.

5.   Minerals and chemicals must be dissolved before they can

                  be taken in by plants.

 

 

C.   Concept of time (Genesis 1:14; Exodus 20:11)

 

1.    The earth’s orbit around the sun – 1 year.

     

2.    One new moon to the next – 30 days – 1 month.

        

3.    The earth rotates on its axis – 1 day.

     

4.    God created in 6 days – day of rest – 1 week.

 

 

D.   Delicate balance needed for life on earth

 

“I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.”

Isaiah 45:12

 

“God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited:”

Isaiah 45:18

 

 

Our Sun

We get just the right amount of heat energy.  Just 1% less and it would be too cold, 1% more and it would be too hot.  If we were much closer it would be too hot, much farther away and it is too cold.

 

 

Our Moon

If it were sinificantly closer or bigger, we would have devastating tidal waves.  If it were significantly farther away oe smaller, the oceans would stagnate along the coastlines.  It has slowed us, kept us steady, given us tides, and stabilized our orbit.  Without it, life could not exist on planet earth!

 

 

The Earth

The ultra-thin outer layer of our planet - the crust - is just the perfect thickness for the right amount of gravity to hold our atmosphere, etc.  Our mass is just enough to keep a thin layer of gases above us.  Any more mass (more gravity) means a heavier, more destructive atmosphere with more deadly gases staying here.  Less mass (less gravity) and we can't hold onto oxygen and other life-support gases.

 

 

The Earth and Carbon Dioxide

Carbon dioxide in our atmosphere acts like a blanket and keeps us warm.  Any less, we freeze and plants choke.  Any more, we fry in a runaway greenhouse effect.

 

 

 

Earth and the Ozone Layer

      

The thin invisible ozone layer keeps us alive by absorbing nasty radiation from space.  Less ozone and we roast in uv light from the sun.  Any more and we don't get enough of the sun's life-giving energy through to the surface.

 

 

 

Jupiter and Saturn

   

Jupiter and Saturn are at the perfect distance to leave our sensitive orbit alone, but protect us from nasty, earthbound comets and asteroids.

 

 

Storms and Lightning

Storms are an indication of our weather system coming back into balance.  Lightning strikes about once every second on this planet.  More often and we would have too many fires.  Less often and not enough nitrogen would get "fixed" into a form useful for life.

 

 

Question:

"Which came first, the chicken or the egg?"

 

Actually, it goes much deeper than that.  Which came first, DNA, or protein molecules?

 

 

Protein is built using the information that is stored in the DNA.  However, it requires protein in order to build DNA.  So which came first?  Some try to say RNA came first, because it is simpler.  It still requires protein to build RNA, which requires the information stored in the DNA.  In all known life-forms, both DNA and proteins must be present.  How could life get started without both of these molecules existing simultaneously?

 

But, getting back to the chicken and the egg.  Each eggshell has about 10,000 tiny holes or pores.  How did the chicken learn to form a hard shell around a soft, messy egg, and design the shell with pores?  Then there is the problem of all the blood vessels that are required.

 

 

DNA Crams Information Into A Tiny Space

                             

If the first cell arose from chemicals without a Creator, how could it have come up with the most efficient container of information imaginable? 

 

Dr. Werner Gitt, an information scientist, puts it this way: "DNA molecules contain the highest known packing density of information.  This exceedingly brilliant storage method reaches the limit of the physically possible."  In the Beginning Was Information, 1997, p. 195.

 

Does not the fact that DNA started out with the perfect solution for getting the greatest amount of information in the smallest space indicate that it had a very exceptional designer?

 

"If they eventually make a computer as small as a cell with huge information storage capacity like DNA, and I scoff and claim: 'You didn't do that!  It just came about by accident,' they will rightly consider me a fool."  Thomas F. Heinze, How Life Began, 2002, p. 107.

 

Richard Dawkins, a professor at Oxford University (U.K.), and a leading proponent of evolutionary theory said: "Biology is the study of complicated things that give the appearance of having been designed for a purpose.  ...the living results of natural selection overwhelmingly impress us with the appearance of design as if by a master watchmaker."  Nevertheless, Dawkins is an atheist who staunchly maintains that the design we see is merely an illusion - that these amazingly complex systems are an accidental product of natural selection.

 

Interestingly, in all other fields of human endeavor we find that "design necessitates a designer."  Thus, design detection methodology is a prerequisite for many disciplines, including archaeology, anthropology, forensics, criminal jurisprudence, copyright law, patent law, reverse engineering, crypto-analysis, random number generation, and SETI (the Search for Extra-Terrestril Intelligence).

 

 

The Information Stored in Human DNA

The average human has over 50 trillion cells.  The total DNA from all these cells would only fill about 2 tablespoons.

 

One cubic centimeter of DNA contains 5 trillion times more bits of information, than Windows 98.  All arranged in just the right order.

 

The DNA (chromosomes) are the most complex molecules in the universe!

 

If all the chromosomes from one person were stretched out and laid end to end; it would stretch from the earth to the moon and back 5 million times!

 

The code in the chromosomes is more complex and holds more Information than all the computer programs ever written by man combined.

 

The information contained in the chromosomes of one human being, if typed out, would fill enough books to fill Grand Canyon 40 to 50 times!

 

 

E.   Creatures in water and air (Genesis 1:20)

 

1.    Simple single cell?

Single, but not simple.  A single cell is more complex than a space shuttle, the most complex machine ever built by man.  There is like a city of activity going on in there.

  

 

2.    Bacteria

 

   

This motor is so tiny that 8 million of them would fit in the cross section of an average human hair.  It rotates up to 100,000 rpm!

 

 

3.    Knobcone pine

 

In the Pacific Northwest there is the Knobcone Pine tree.  The exterior is so tough that even the birds and squirrels can’t get them open to get the seeds inside.  Sometimes they hold their seeds for 40 years or more.  The only thing they have found to cause them to open up is a forest fire.  After the fire goes through, and things cool down, they start opening up and spitting their seeds out and they float to the ground like little helicopters.   Eventually a new forest will spring up.

 

 

4.    Gardening Ant and Bulls Horn Acacia Tree

 

  

Small bumps on the tree supply food to the ants.  Ants viciously attack all intruders.  Ants are gardeners and nip off any green shoot that shows its head near their tree.  When all ants are removed from one of these trees, tree dies within 2 to 15 months.

 

This is an example of symbiosis.

 

 

5.    Dragonfly, frog

 

  

Engineers studied the dragon fly and invented the heliocopter.  The optics of a frog's eye showed the Air Force how to improve their radar.

 

 

6.    Monarch butterfly

 

 

 

            

One day old.                      When the larvae crawls out of its shell, it eats the shell.

 

   16 days old

It now has 6 front legs, 10 rear legs, 3 pairs of eyes, with one lense in each eye.  In the caterpillar stage it goes through 4 or 5 molts.  Each time it sheds its outer skin, head capsule, and 6 eyes.  The last molt it also sheds its 16 pairs of legs, stomach and nervous system.

 

 

 

 

All of this only takes about 28 days to complete.

 

 

F.  Land creatures (Genesis 1:24)

 

1.  The Platypus

 

He has a bill like a duck, radar hearing device like a bat, tail and feet like a beaver, and lays its eggs down by the creek like a turtle.  It has a rooster's spur, etc.  What a mess!  As creationist Buddy Davis says: "It does what it does, and it does do fine."

 

 

2.  The African Gazelle

 

 

We have an awesome God!

 

God made the whole universe just for us, and He made us, just for Himself.  We must be pretty special to God.