Truth and Science Ministries

In Search of the Truth


The Mechanisms for Evolution

Scripture:

Romans 5:12; 8:21-23; Hebrews 1:10-11

 

A.   Romans 5:12

 

          According to Romans 5:12, what happened when Adam sinned?

(Death passed upon all men)

 

B.   Romans 8:21-23

 

According to Romans 8:22, what else was affected by Adam’s sin?

(The whole creation)

 

C.   Hebrews 1:10-11

 

          According to Hebrews 1:10-11, what is the condition of the

          whole universe?  (It is perishing, growing old, wearing out)

 

           Transition question:

            “Have you ever thought about how evolution is supposed to work, 

             through mutations and natural selection?”

 

    I.        The evolutionists will claim: mutations and natural selection are the mechanisms that make evolution work.

 

            Thought:

           Evolution requires things to be getting better and more complex on

           an upward plane; the effect of sin has everything on a downward plane

           and getting worse.

 

          Mechanism # 1—Mutations

 

            What are mutations?

            “The cell processes that copy genetic material and pass it from

             one generation to the next are usually accurate.”  “… however, changes

             in the DNA occasionally do occur.” “Any change in the DNA sequence is

             called a mutation.”  

             Prentice Hall Biology, 2006, Pg. 301

            

 

  II.        Evolution requires beneficial mutations

 

            “In some rare cases, a gene mutation may have positive effects.  An

           organism may receive a mutation that makes it faster or stronger; such a

           mutation may help an organism – and its offspring – better survive in its

           environment.”  

           Prentice Hall Biology, 2006, Pg. 296

 

            What causes mutations?

            “Mutations can be caused by errors in replication, transcription,

             cell division, or by external agents.”  (ex: radiation)  Some mutations

             seem to just happen, perhaps as a mistake in base pairing during DNA

             replication.  However, many mutations are caused by factors in the

             environment.”   

             Prentice Hall Biology, 2006, Pg. 301

 

            “Any agent that can cause a change in DNA is called a mutagen. 

             Mutagens include radiation, chemicals, and even high temperatures. 

             Forms of radiation, such as X rays, cosmic rays, ultraviolet light,

             and nuclear radiation, are dangerous mutagens because the energy

             they contain can damage or break apart DNA.”

             Prentice Hall Biology, 2006, Pg.   301

 

III.        Almost all mutations are harmful.

 

           

           “The mutation may produce a new trait or it may result in a protein

          that does not work correctly, resulting in structural or functional problems

          in cells and in the organism.”

          Prentice Hall Biology, 2006, Pg. 296

 

             Mutations are a series of information losing processes.  This will not

             help you go from simple to complex! 

            (See Dr. Lee Spetner’s book, Not By Chance.)

 

            Evolution requires a positive gain in new genetic information over time. 

            Mutations cause a net loss in useful genetic information over time.

 

 

            Question # 1

          “Aren’t mutations almost always harmful?”

 

          Question # 2

          “Don’t mutations usually cause a net loss of information?”

 

 

          Mechanism # 2—Natural Selection

 

            “Natural selection is the mechanism by which evolution occurs.” 

           Prentice Hall Biology, 2006, pg 18

 

           Natural Selection: The process in nature by which, according to Darwin's

           theory of evolution, only the organisms best adapted to their

           environment tend to survive and transmit their genetic characteristics in

           increasing numbers to succeeding generations while those less adapted

           tend to be eliminated.  This is sometimes referred to as the “Survival of the

           Fittest.”

 

           No one disagrees with the “survival of the fittest.”  This was recognized

           by a creationist at least 24 years before Darwin wrote his book, however,

           he gave the credit to Father God instead of Mother Nature.  Here’s

           the problem.  If you have a litter of nine kittens, and one of them is

           mutated, the mutated kitten is usually less healthy than the others. 

          The eight healthy kittens are more likely to survive than the mutated one. 

 

            I worked for awhile at GM in end-of-the-line inspection.  If a Buick came down the

            line with a defective part, we replaced the defective part with a good one.  That

            is kind of how natural selection works.  How long would it take a process like that

            to turn an automobile into an airplane?

 

           

 

            Rather than helping life forms to turn into something else, natural selection 

          usually helps them to remain the same!

 

          Since the time of Darwin, evolutionists have believed that when a mutation 

          causes an improvement, natural selection would preserve it, lifting plants 

          and animals to ever higher levels.  The problem is, almost all mutations are

          harmful.

 

            Question # 3

          “Wouldn’t mutations usually be the least likely to survive?”

 

           What we almost always see in nature, is that mutations make things worse,

           and natural selection will tend to eliminate the mutations.  Mutations and

           natural selection are processes that work in opposition to the theory of evolution. 

 

           Evolution says organisms get better and more complex over time; mutations make

           things worse over time and less complex.  Evolution requires changes to be

           passed on to future generations; natural selection usually prevents changes to

           be passed on. 

 

 

IV.        Evolution is based on two faulty assumptions:

 

1.    Mutations make something new and

2.    Natural selection makes it survive and take over the population.

 

           

            Reviewing the Questions:

 

1.    “Aren’t mutations almost always harmful?”

2.    “Don’t mutations usually cause a net loss of information?”

3.    “Wouldn’t mutations usually be the least likely to survive?”